Pedestrian Safety in Car Parks

pedestrian sign in a car park | pedestrian safety | Speed Huumps Australia

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Pedestrians represent approximately 14% of the total national road toll, accounting for 174 fatalities in 2018. When you consider that over the last 10 years there has been a 24% increase in the number of registered vehicles in Australia, the possibility of accidents involving pedestrians seems likely to increase. The need to ensure that pedestrian safety is prioritised in urban planning and road design is therefore paramount.

Car parks are usually low-speed environments and may not immediately register as being a high-risk hazard zone. However, many off-road carparks, such as those provided by councils, private companies or service stations, often lack the necessary traffic calming measures. Car park pedestrian safety should be a primary consideration and thankfully there are some really simple measures you can put in place to reduce the risk of accidents.

When pedestrians and cars share zones, then good safety provisions are needed to keep pedestrians safe. Many motorists are blissfully unaware of how fast they are going and children, the disabled and the elderly are especially vulnerable sectors of the community liable to serious injury or even fatality.

pedestrian marked walkway in car park | pedestrian safety | Speed Humps Australia

A number of pedestrian safety issues have been identified with the current rules and standards applied to off-road car parks:

Minimum standards of pedestrian safety

Often when developers design car parks they focus on providing a certain number of car parking bays and don’t take into account the actual design of the open spaces for pedestrians entering and exiting the facility, or make provisions for people with disabilities.

No speed limit signs or speed bumps

Most off-road car parks lack speed limit signs, give way signs or speed humps. Motorists, therefore, are unaware of their legal obligations on how to proceed through car parks. People that drive large vehicles such as 4WDs with limited rear vision are likely to expect pedestrians to give way to them, rather than vice versa. 

Entering & Exiting

Entry and exit points are particularly hazardous zones when it comes to pedestrian safety, especially when intersecting with a footpath directly in front of facilities. These are often not clearly signposted or don’t have speed control measures in place

The following are ways pedestrian safety can be improved in car parks with the help of government initiatives:

  • The speed limit in all car parks and shared zones should be 10 km and clear signage erected to notify motorists, especially when approaching speed humps to eliminate driver discomfort or vehicle damage
  • Deployment of speed reducing implements such as bollards or speed humps at black spots such as pedestrian crossings and entry / exit points.
  • Highlighting of safe pedestrian routes to and from facilities and providing sufficient lighting
  • Developers are to be encouraged to engage independent consultants for best practice advice before submitting car park designs to approving authorities.

When a car park is poorly designed or has a reputation for being hazardous, it can put people off using it, thereby limiting potential customers. Improving car park safety, therefore, is not only good for pedestrians it’s actually good for business.

When a car park is poorly designed or has a reputation for being hazardous, it can put people off using it, thereby limiting potential customers. Improving car park safety, therefore, is not only good for pedestrians it’s actually good for business.  Take a look at our Speed Humps and Rumble Bars to ensure your carpark looking out for pedestrians.


This article was originally published on April 22nd 2015 and has been updated on 25th March 2021.

Disclaimer: Data in this article was obtained from the sources named below from the latest available data as at June 2020. Speed Humps Australia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the data and accepts no liability whatsoever arising from or connected in any way to the use or reliance upon this data.



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